Turkish residence permit
Turkish residence permit system is governed by the Law on Foreigners and International Protection (Law no: 6458, Enacted 11.04.2013). In compliance with the Decision of the Council of Ministers dated 10.10.2011, No: 2011/2306, starting from 01 February 2012, the total duration of stay of foreigners who visit Turkey as tourists cannot exceed 90 days in any 180 days period. Foreigners who intend to stay in Turkey longer than mentioned period (90 days in 180 days period), are required to apply for residence permit.
DURATION OF STAY SHOULD NOT EXCEED 90 DAYS
According to above mentioned decision of the Council of Ministers, if their visa exemption period or duration of the visa is sufficient, foreign visitors may remain in Turkey without residence permit maximum for 90 days (either consecutively or separately) in any 180 days period prior to their departure. After 90 days, in order to remain in Turkey, foreign visitors need to apply for residence permit. If visa exemption period or the duration of the visa is less than 90 days, foreign visitors might extend this period up to 90 days within Turkey.
RESIDENCE PERMIT APPLICATIONS
Currently, residence permit applications are made directly to the newly established Directorate General of Migration Management through the online system. You may refer to Law on Foreigners and International Protection for detailed information about the residence permit application procedure, the different types of residence permits and the extension applications. Residence Permit extension applications might be submitted online within 60 days before and in all circumstances before the expiry date of the residence permit. After the extension application, applicants will be given a document which is not subjected to administrative fees. During the extension evaluation period, foreigners will use this document to continue residing in Turkey legally. Although it has been underlined that starting from 01.01.2015, First Residence Permit applications will be made through the Turkish Consulates, until further notice from General Directorate of Migration Management, first residence permit applications can also be made within Turkey through local offices of Directorate General of Migration Management. From May 18, 2015, Residence permit applications started to be accepted through E-Residence system launced by Directorate General of Migration Management. For the first applications and applications for transfer, foreign applicants need to fill the online form and get an appointment from the nearest office of Directorate General of Migration Management through the “Central Appointment System”. After filling the form, the system automatically shows the address of the nearest DGMM office and the list of the required documents, it calculates the application and card fee and also sets the available dates and times for the appointment . Foreign applicants can legally reside in Turkey with the application form until the appointment date. However having an appointment does not grant any right to enter or exit Turkey. Once the application is submitted on the appontment date and after having signed and stamped the Residence Permit Application Document, foreigners might exit and re-enter Turkey within 15 days. In order to start the application form, system will ask for a cell phone number or email. As soon as you will receive verification code by email or SMS, you can continue your application form.
Typical short term residence permit application form contains the following parts.
Individual’s Information Travel Document Information Permanent Address and Contact Information Information on place of education and work Information on main address and contact in Turkey Information on Residence Permit Information on Notification Applications for extension are also made through the e-residence system. Applicants are required to fill similar forms and send the required documents along with the application form and payment receipts to the address of the nearest DGMM office within 5 business days. After filling the application form, an application document for residence permit is produced by the system. Foreign applicant is allowed to reside in the country legally using the application document as a residence permit until the completion of residence permit procedures, but this document does not grant the right to enter or exit the country.
TYPES OF RESIDENCE PERMITS & REQUIRED DOCUMENTS
Law no 6458 on Foreigners and International Protection specifies six main types of residence permits. (i) Short-Term Residence Permit, (ii) Family Residence Permit, (iii) Student Residence Permit (iv) Long- Term Residence Permit (v) Humanitarian Residence Permit (vi) Residence Permits for the victims of Human Trafficking
How to get a short term residence permit on the basis of business visa?
The foreigners who enter to Turkey on the basis of business vİsa and would like to stay here for longer period has a right to get a short term residence permit. However, the foreigner should approve that his aim is only connected with the gauging the potential market. Foreign nation could get one year of residence permit after meeting the criterias of İmmigration office. First and most, foreigner should submit invitation letter and other notarized company’s documents. Only after providing these documents he can get a short term residence permit. Here is the list of required documents which should be provide to the İmmigration office as
a)invitation letter notarized declaration of signatures notarized trade registry gazette Activity certificate
b)The abovemention residence permit card will allow you to evaluate market demand and establish business in Turkey.
c) Foreigners who come to Turkey for in-service-training
d) Foreigners who come to Turkey as a part of international student exchange programs or in line with international agreements in which Turkey stands as a party.
e) Foreigners who come to Turkey for tourist purposes.
f) Foreigners who come to Turkey for medical treatment except from those whose illness might cause a threat to the public health.
g) Foreigners who need to stay in Turkey due to requests or decisions of judicial or administrative bodies.
h) Foreigners who seek transition from Family residence permit to Short-term residence permit.
i) Foreigners who come to Turkey to attend Turkish Language Courses might be granted with short-term residence permit at most two times.
j) Foreigners who come to Turkey for training, research, internship or traineeship purposes through Turkish Public Institutions might be granted with short-term residence permit at most one time and not more than for one year.
In the case of staying outside Turkey more than 120 days within one year, Short Term Residence Permits might be cancelled. Applications of foreigners who are subjected to deportation or entry ban decisions will be rejected.
RESIDENCE PERMIT FOR FOREIGNERS WHO COME TO TURKEY FOR IN-SERVICE-TRAINING
• Residence Permit application form. (Also tax number obtained from tax office)
• 4 passport-size photos.
• Original passport and photocopies of the following pages of the passport: the page bearing the applicant’s photo, the page stamped at the last entry, the page indicating the validity and expiry dates of the passport.
• If available, expired residence permit.
• Offical document confirming in-service-training obtained from Turkish institutions.
LONG TERM RESIDENCE PERMIT
A foreigner may be eligible for Long Term Residence Permit for indefinite period of time, if having resided in Turkey legally and uninterruptedly for 8 years with a valid residence permit. However those foreigners who are classified as refugees and conditional refugees or foreigners who own residence permits for humanitarian purposes or who are under temporary protection are not eligible to apply for Long Term Residence Permits. Additionally in order to be eligible for Long Term Residence Permit foreigners also need to meet with the following criteria.They :
• Should not be granted with Social Help within the last three years,
• Should have adequate and regular resources for personal or family livelihood,
• Should have a valid health insurance,
• Should not be considered as a threat to public order and security.
In case of staying outside Turkey for any reasons except from health, education and compulsory public service for more than one year, Long Term Residence Permit might be
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